Category Archives: NAEP

NAEP 2013 Reading Results: 8th Grade

In 2007, Iowa had an average scale score of 267.  Only three states had significantly higher scores and eighteen states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s score.

In 2009, Iowa’s average scale score was 265.  Thirteen states had scores that were significantly higher and twenty states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s score.

In 2011, Iowa’s average scale score was 265. Eighteen states had scores that were significantly higher and fifteen states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s score.

In 2013, Iowa has an average scale score of 269 and nine states have scores that are significantly higher:

  • Massachusetts (277)
  • New Jersey (276)
  • Connecticut (274)
  • Maryland (274)
  • New Hampshire (274)
  • Vermont (274)
  • Montana (272)
  • Pennsylvania (272), and
  • Washington (272)

Nineteen states have scores that are not significantly different than Iowa’s: Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

NAEP at or above proficiency: 37%

NAEP at or above basic: 81%

Iowa proficiency: 70.5% for the 2010-2012 biennium (reported on page 122 of the 2012 Annual Condition of Education Report).

NAEP 2013 Reading Results: 4th Grade

In 2007, Iowa’s average scale score was 225.  Only four states had scores that were significantly higher and twenty-one states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s scores.

In 2009, Iowa’s average scale score was significantly lower than the 2007 score at 221.  Twelve states had scores that were significantly higher and twenty states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s scores.

In 2011, Iowa’s average scale score was 221. Sixteen states had scores that were significantly higher and eighteen states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s score.

In 2013, Iowa has an average scale score of 224 and eight states have scores that are significantly higher:

  • Maryland (232)
  • Massachusetts (232
  • New Hampshire (232)
  • Connecticut (230)
  • New Jersey (229)
  • Virginia (229)
  • Vermont (228), and
  • Florida (227)

Twenty-one states have scores that are not significantly different than Iowa’s: Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

NAEP at or above proficiency: 38%

NAEP at or above basic: 72%

Iowa proficiency: 78% for the 2010-2012 biennium (reported on page 115 of the 2012 Annual Condition of Education Report).

NAEP 2013 Mathematics Results: 8th Grade

In 2009, Iowa’s average scale score was 284.  Fourteen states had scores that were significantly higher and sixteen states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s score.

In 2011, Iowa’s average scale score was 285. Seventeen states had scores that were significantly higher and thirteen states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s score.

In 2013, Iowa has an average scale score of 285 and sixteen states have scores that are significantly higher:

  • Massachusetts (301)
  • New Hampshire (296)
  • New Jersey (296)
  • Minnesota (295)
  • Vermont (295)
  • North Dakota (291)
  • Colorado (290)
  • Kansas (290)
  • Ohio (290)
  • Pennsylvania (290)
  • Washington (290)
  • Maine (289)
  • Montana (289)
  • Wisconsin (289)
  • Texas (288), and
  • Wyoming (288)

Thirteen states have scores that are not significantly different from Iowa’s: Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, and Virginia.

NAEP at or above proficiency: 36%

NAEP at or above basic: 76%

Iowa proficiency: 75.6% for the 2010-2012 biennium (reported on page 142 of the 2012 Annual Condition of Education Report).

NAEP 2013 Mathematics Results: 4th Grade

In 2009, Iowa had an average scale score of 243.  Six states had scores that were significantly higher and twenty-one states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s score.

In 2011, Iowa had an average scale score of 243. Ten states had scores that were significantly higher and sixteen states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s score.

In 2013, Iowa has an average scale score of 246 and four states have scores that are significantly higher:

  • Minnesota (253)
  • New Hampshire (253)
  • Massachusetts (253), and
  • Indiana (249)

Seventeen states have scores that are not significantly different from Iowa’s: Colorado, Connecticut, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

NAEP at or above proficiency: 48%

NAEP at or above basic: 77%

Iowa proficiency: 79.5% for the 2010-2012 biennium (reported on page 135 of the 2012 Annual Condition of Education Report).

Reading Proficiency Standards

Yesterday we looked at the number of students who fall short of meeting Iowa’s fourth grade reading proficiency standards.  Knowing what to make of proficiency statistics is difficult because “proficient” is not used consistently.

In Iowa, proficient means good enough and good enough means, more or less,* achieving a national percentile rank of 41 or higher on the ITBS.

Here’s another way to put those standards in context using the NAEP exam (which is useful because the NAEP allows you to look at test questions so you can see what specific questions students could or could not answer).

For fourth grade reading, the NAEP proficient level is set at a score of 238.  It is my understanding that students who score proficient or higher are on track to be prepared for college level work.  It is also important to know that ten points on the NAEP score is equivalent to about one grade level of learning.

Courtesy of Matthew Ladner at Jay P. Greene’s Blog, we can see that Iowa’s proficient standard for fourth grade reading maps to a score of 199 on the NAEP.

This tells us that on the fourth grade reading assessment, student performance is good enough for Iowa if they are as far as about four grade levels below on track to be prepared for college level work.  In other words, the Iowa fourth grade students who are not proficient, are more than four grade levels behind students who are on track to be prepared for college level work.

*It is a bit more complicated than that now because scores on the new Iowa Assessments had to be aligned with the scores that would have earned a 41st percentile performance for the national sample from the 2000 ITBS/ITED exams.  If you want the technical details click on the Proficiency Tab above for Iowa achievement level standards or on the NAEP Tab for NAEP achievement level standards.

NAEP: Notes and Thoughts

Click on the 2011 in the NAEP results posts for a link to interactive maps.  There you can break out scores by subgroup and compare Iowa subgroup scores to subgroup scores in other states.  You could also compare Iowa subgroup scores to the average Iowa score or to average scores of other states.  Click on the more results pull down menu to find a link to sample questions.

Check out other NAEP subject exams here.

As a rule of thumb, 10 points on the NAEP exam equals about approximately one grade level of learning.  In looking at the 2011 NAEP exams, Iowa students, on average, are scoring approximately 1 to 1.5 grade levels behind Massachusetts students on the reading and mathematics exams.

Why should we care?  I am not a proponent of the idea that we should do whatever it takes to be number one on standardized exams.  However, I think these results might raise questions.  Such as, do we have effective education leadership in Iowa?  Is there something that we could learn from Massachusetts (or other states) about effective curriculum or instructional practices?  Should we study Massachusetts (or other states) rather than rush to adopt the Common Core standards and the SMARTER Balanced Assessment?  If Iowa students are struggling with basic skills, do we believe they are, in fact, learning “higher order skills” and “critical thinking skills”?

NAEP 2011 Reading Results: 8th Grade

In 2007, Iowa had an average scale score of 267.  Only three states had significantly higher scores and eighteen states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s score.

In 2009, Iowa’s average scale score was 265.  Thirteen states had scores that were significantly higher and twenty states had scores that were not significantly different than Iowa’s score.

In 2011, Iowa’s average scale score is 265 and eighteen states have scores that are significantly higher:

  • Connecticut (275),
  • Massachusetts (275),
  • New Jersey (275),
  • Vermont (274),
  • Montana (273),
  • New Hampshire (272),
  • Colorado (271),
  • Maryland (271),
  • Maine (270),
  • Minnesota (270),
  • Wyoming (270),
  • Kentucky (269),
  • North Dakota (269),
  • South Dakota (269),
  • Idaho (268),
  • Nebraska (268),
  • Ohio (268), and
  • Washington (268).

Fifteen states have scores that are not significantly different than Iowa’s: Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Utah, Virginia, and Wisconsin.